Risk Assessments

There are significant risks involved in the day-to-day business operations of YOUR COMPANY. We’ve completed these risk assessments to help identify some possible operational hazards and real risks that employees, contracted workers, on-site guests, or any other third party coming into contact with your business can potentially be exposed to.

OSHA Requirements

These risk assessments are based on OSHA requirements for worksite health and safety.

Associated Documentation

These risk assessments are best read in conjunction with company provided documentation to help ensure all employees are mindful of and carrying out workplace safety practices. Such documentation should include the following:

  • Safety Policies
  • Hazardous Material Assessments
  • Work Instructions
  • Training Records
  • Accident Records
  • Fire Safety Risk Assessments

Company Risk Assessments

It is YOUR COMPANY’S responsibility to cultivate a safe work environment. All staff and applicable third parties must be aware of potential hazards. Employers must encourage everyone to work together to prevent workplace injury, health issues, or accidental death.

The purpose of this procedure is to provide solid guidance to employees, especially any employee with specific risk assessment and control responsibilities.

While the primary focus is the prevention and reduction of workplace injuries, this procedure must also prioritize safety management, along with issues pertaining to the long-term health of individuals.

What is a Risk Assessment?

A risk assessment systematically indentifies potential workplace hazards and is the first step to controlling probable risk.

A hazard is any potential source of harm.

The likelihood of exposure to that hazard, and being harmed as a result, is a risk.

ALL company operations must have risk assessments in place noting work activity risks. Certain job duties, machine operations, or worksite conditions may necessitate a more detailed or “specific” assessment.

Why are Risk Assessments necessary?

There are two principal reasons risk assessments are important:

  1. The process risk assessment process is a key component to OSHA compliance.
  2. Risk assessment helps identify and control/manage potential workplace dangers.

While it may be impossible to completely eradicate worksite conditions or problems, always remember the phrase “reasonably practicable” when it comes to effectively managing/controlling risks.

When should Risk Assessments be performed?

It is recommended that risk assessments be performed at least once a year. However, if there are any alterations to operations procedures or the workplace environment during that time, a new risk assessment should be performed.

Always keep in mind that risk assessments must be performed before the introduction of new procedures.

Seven steps to performing a satisfactory Risk Assessment

Performing a satisfactory risk assessment comes down to seven critical steps:

  1. Concentrate on the assessment
  2. Identify activities and hazards
  3. Identify those at risk
  4. Evaluate that risk
  5. Assess controls
  6. Keep records
  7. Regularly review

How do you assess risk levels?

It is best to categorize risk levels in a numbered format. Rate each individual hazard and then multiply that by its likelihood of occurring. The equation looks something like this:

Risk level = Hazard Severity x Probability of Occurrence

Step One

The following table rates each hazard with a severity marker:

Risk Level Effect of Hazard
1 Fatality
2 Permanent Disability
3 Disabling Injury
4 Injury Resulting in Missed Work
5 Injury Requiring First Aid Attention Only

For instance:

If a fall down the stairs (hazard) can result in death or permanent disablement, it is rated a 4 or 5.

Step Two

From there, it’s a matter of determining the likelihood of each hazard occurring. This is demonstrated in the table below:

Risk Level Likelihood of Occurrence
1 Certain
2 Near Certain
3 Very Likely
4 Frequent
5 Seldom

For example:

If a fall down the stairs (hazard) were very likely to occur, it would be given a rating of a 3.

Step Three

The risk level is determined by multiplying these two scores together. This calculation is then entered into the risk assessment form and would look like this:

5 (hazard) multiplied by 3 (occurrence) = 15

Step Four

The bullet points below can be used to gauge what controls to prioritize. They are merely guidelines to help determine how quickly action must be taken to address identified risks and hazards. These dates are not set in stone and will vary from workplace to workplace.

  • Immediate action must be taken to reduce risk anytime a hazard has a risk ranking of 22-25.
  • Management /Supervisors must be notified anytime there is a hazard with a risk ranking of 16-22.
  • Action must be taken at the earliest opportunity for any hazard with a risk ranking between 1 and 15.

Overall risk must be reduced by the lowest extent reasonably practicable. This term is defined as “Any measure that can be reasonably carried out with regard to technical knowledge and acceptable expense.”

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